A book entitled Earth is considered a basic reference text in many
universities around the world. One of the authors of this book is Frank Press.
He is currently the president of the Academy of Sciences in the USA. Previously,
he was the science advisor to former USA President Jimmy Carter. His book says
that mountains have underlying roots. These roots are deeply embedded in the
ground. Thus mountains have a shape like a Peg (see figures 7, 8, and 9).
mountains have deep roots under the surface of the ground. (Earth, Press
and Siever, p.413.)
section. The mountains, like pegs, have deep roots embedded in the ground. (Anatomy
of the Earth, Cailleux, p. 220.)
Another illustration shows how the mountains are peg-like in shape, due to their
deep roots. (Earth Science, Tarbuck and Lutgens, p. 158.)
This is how the Quran described mountains. Allah said in the Quran:
"Have We not made the earth as a bed, and the mountains as pegs? "( Quran
Modern earth sciences have proven that mountains have deep roots under the
surface of the ground (see figure 9), and that these roots can reach several
times their elevations above the surface of the ground. So the suitable word to
describe mountains on the basis of this information is the word ‘peg’, since
most of a properly set peg is hidden under the surface of the ground. The
history of science tells us that the theory of mountains having deep roots was
introduced only in the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Mountains also play an important role in stabilizing the crust of the earth.
They hinder the shaking of the earth. Allah said in the Quran:
"And He has set firm mountains in the earth so that it would not shake
with you..." ( Quran, 16:15)
Likewise the modern theory of plate tectonics holds that mountains work as
stabilizers for the earth has just begun to be understood in the framework of
plate tectonics since the late 1960’s.
Could anyone during the time of the Prophet Muhammad have known of the true
shape of mountains? Could any one imagine that the solid massive mountain, which
he sees before him, actually extends deep into the earth and has a root, as
scientists assert? A large number of books of geology when discussing mountains,
only describe that part which is above the surface of the earth. This is because
these books were not written by specialists in geology. However, modern geology
has confirmed the truth of the Quranic verses.
The source of this article is www.islam-guide.com
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