In the Name of Allah, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. A questioner asked
concerning a torment about to befall
2. Upon the disbelievers,
which none can avert,
3. From Allah,
the Lord of the ways of ascent.
4. The angels and
the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day
the measure whereof is fifty thousand years,
5. So be patient
), with a good patience.
6. Verily! They see
it (the torment) afar off,
7. But We see it
8. The Day that the
sky will be like the boiling filth of oil, (or molten copper or
silver or lead, etc.).
9. And the mountains
will be like flakes of wool,
10. And no friend
will ask of a friend,
11. Though they shall
be made to see one another [(i.e. on the Day of Resurrection),
there will be none but see his father, children and relatives,
but he will neither speak to them nor will ask them for any help)],
- the Mujrim, (criminal, sinner, disbeliever, etc.) would
desire to ransom himself from the punishment of that Day by his
12. And his wife
and his brother,
13. And his kindred
who sheltered him,
14. And all that
are in the earth, so that it might save him
15. By no means!
Verily, it will be the Fire of Hell!
16. Taking away (burning
completely) the head skin!
17. Calling: "[O
Kafir (O disbeliever in Allah, His angels, His Book,
His Messengers, Day of Resurrection and in Al-Qadar (Divine
Preordainments), O Mushrik (O polytheist, disbeliever in
the Oneness of Allah)] (all) such as turn their backs and
turn away their faces (from Faith) [picking and swallowing them
up from that great gathering of mankind (on the Day of Resurrection)
just as a bird picks up a food-grain from the earth with its beak
and swallows it up] [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol. 18,
18. And collect (wealth)
and hide it (from spending it in the Cause of Allah).
19. Verily, man (disbeliever)
was created very impatient;
20. Irritable (discontented)
when evil touches him;
21. And niggardly
when good touches him;-
22. Except those
devoted to Salat (prayers)
23. Those who remain
constant in their Salat (prayers);
24. And those in
whose wealth there is a known right,
25. For the beggar
who asks, and for the unlucky who has lost his property and wealth,
(and his means of living has been straitened);
26. And those who
believe in the Day of Recompense,
27. And those who
fear the torment of their Lord,
28. Verily! The torment
of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure,
29. And those who
guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts)
30. Except with their
wives and the (women slaves and captives) whom their right hands
possess, for (then) they are not to be blamed,
31. But whosoever
seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers.
32. And those who
keep their trusts and covenants;
33. And those who
stand firm in their testimonies;
34. And those who
guard their Salat (prayers) well
35. Such shall dwell
in the Gardens (i.e. Paradise) honoured.
36. So what is the
matter with those who disbelieve that they hasten to listen from
you (O Muhammad ),
in order to belie you and to mock at you, and at Allah's
Book (this Qur'an).
37. (Sitting) in
groups on the right and on the left (of you, O Muhammad )?
38. Does every man
of them hope to enter the Paradise of delight?
39. No, that is not
like that! Verily, We have created them out of that which they
40. So I swear by
the Lord of all [the three hundred and sixty (360)] points of
sunrise and sunset in the east and the west that surely We are
41. To replace them
by (others) better than them; and We are not to be outrun.
42. So leave them
to plunge in vain talk and play about, until
they meet their Day which they are promised.
43. The Day when
they will come out of the graves quickly as racing to a goal,
44. With their eyes
lowered in fear and humility, ignominy covering them (all over)!
That is the Day which they were promised!
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