In the Name of Allah, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. By those (angels)
ranged in ranks (or rows).
2. By those (angels)
who drive the clouds in a good way.
3. By those (angels)
who bring the Book and the Qur'an from Allah to mankind
[Tafsir Ibn Kathir].
4. Verily your Ilah
(God) is indeed One (i.e. Allah);
5. Lord of the heavens
and of the earth, and all that is between them, and Lord of every
point of the sun's risings. (None has the right to be worshipped
6. Verily! We have
adorned the near heaven with the stars (for beauty).
7. And to guard against
every rebellious devil.
8. They cannot listen
to the higher group (angels) for they are pelted from every side.
9. Outcast, and theirs
is a constant (or painful) torment.
10. Except such as
snatch away something by stealing and they are pursued by a flaming
fire of piercing brightness.
11. Then ask them
(i.e. these polytheists, O Muhammad ):
"Are they stronger as creation, or those (others like the
heavens and the earth and the mountains, etc.) whom We have created?"
Verily, We created them of a sticky clay.
12. Nay, you (O Muhammad
) wondered (at their insolence)
while they mock (at you and at the Qur'an).
13. And when they
are reminded, they pay no attention.
14. And when they
see an Ayah (a sign, a proof, or an evidence) from
Allah, they mock at it.
15. And they say:
"This is nothing but evident magic!
16. "When we
are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we (then) verily
17. "And also
our fathers of old?"
18. Say (O Muhammad
): "Yes, and you shall then
19. It will be a
single Zajrah [shout (i.e. the second blowing of the Trumpet)],
and behold, they will be staring!
20. They will say:
"Woe to us! This is the Day of Recompense!"
21. (It will be said):
"This is the Day of Judgement which you used to deny."
22. (It will be said
to the angels): "Assemble those who did wrong, together with
their companions (from the devils) and what they used to worship.
of Allah, and lead them on to the way of flaming Fire (Hell);
24. "But stop
them, verily they are to be questioned.
25. "What is
the matter with you? Why do you not help one another (as you used
to do in the world)?"
26. Nay, but that
Day they shall surrender,
27. And they will
turn to one another and question one another.
28. They will say:
"It was you who used to come to us from the right side [i.e.
from the right side of one of us and beautify for us every evil,
order us for polytheism, and stop us from the truth i.e. Islamic
Monotheism and from every good deed]."
29. They will reply:
"Nay, you yourselves were not believers.
30. "And we
had no authority over you. Nay! But you were transgressing people
(disobedient, polytheists, and disbelievers).
31. "So now
the Word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall
certainly (have to) taste (the torment).
32. "So we led
you astray because we were ourselves astray."
33. Then verily,
that Day, they will (all) share in the torment.
34. Certainly, that
is how We deal with AlMujrimun (polytheists,
sinners, criminals, the disobedient to Allah, etc.).
35. Truly, when it
was said to them: La ilaha ill-Allah "(none
has the right to be worshipped but Allah)," they puffed
themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it).
36. And (they) said:
"Are we going to abandon our aliha (gods) for
the sake of a mad poet?
37. Nay! he (Muhammad
) has come with the truth (i.e.
Allah's Religion - Islamic Monotheism and this Qur'an)
and he confirms the Messengers (before him who brought Allah's
religion - Islamic Monotheism).
38. Verily, you (pagans
of Makkah) are going to taste the painful torment;
39. And you will
be requited nothing except for what you used to do (evil deeds,
sins, and Allah's disobedience which you used to do in this
40. Save the chosen
slaves of Allah (faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic
41. For them there
will be a known provision (in Paradise).
42. Fruits; and they
shall be honoured,
43. In the Gardens
of delight (Paradise),
44. Facing one another
45. Round them will
be passed a cup of pure wine;
46. White, delicious
to the drinkers,
47. Neither they
will have Ghoul (any kind of hurt, abdominal pain, headache,
a sin, etc.) from that, nor will they suffer intoxication therefrom.
48. And with them
will be chaste females, restraining their glances (desiring none
except their husbands), with wide and beautiful eyes.
49. (Delicate and
pure) as if they were (hidden) eggs (well) preserved.
50. Then they will
turn to one another, mutually questioning.
51. A speaker of
them will say: "Verily, I had a companion (in the world),
52. Who used to say:
"Are you among those who believe (in resurrection after death).
when we die and become dust and bones, shall we indeed (be raised
up) to receive reward or punishment (according to our deeds)?"
54. (The man) said:
"Will you look down?"
55. So he looked
down and saw him in the midst of the Fire.
56. He said: "By
Allah! You have nearly ruined me.
57. "Had it
not been for the Grace of my Lord, I would certainly have been
among those brought forth (to Hell)."
informs about that true believer that he said): "Are we then
not to die (any more)?
our first death, and we shall not be punished? (after we have
60. Truly, this is
the supreme success!
61. For the like
of this let the workers work.
62. Is that (Paradise)
better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum (a horrible
tree in Hell)?
63. Truly We have
made it (as) a trail for the Zalimun (polytheists,
disbelievers, wrong-doers, etc.).
64. Verily, it is
a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-fire,
65. The shoots of
its fruit-stalks are like the heads of Shayatin (devils);
66. Truly, they will
eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith.
67. Then on the top
of that they will be given boiling water to drink so that it becomes
a mixture (of boiling water and Zaqqum in their bellies).
68. Then thereafter,
verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell.
69. Verily, they
found their fathers on the wrong path;
70. So they (too)
made haste to follow in their footsteps!
71. And indeed most
of the men of old went astray before them;
72. And indeed We
sent among them warners (Messengers);
73. Then see what
was the end of those who were warned (but heeded not).
74. Except the chosen
slaves of Allah (faithful, obedient, and true believers
of Islamic Monotheism).
75. And indeed Nuh
(Noah) invoked Us, and We are the Best of those who answer (the
76. And We rescued
him and his family from the great distress (i.e. drowning),
77. And, his progeny,
them We made the survivors (i.e. Shem, Ham and Japheth).
78. And left for
him (a goodly remembrance) among generations to come in later
(peace) be upon Nuh (Noah) (from Us) among the 'Alamin
(mankind, jinns and all that exists)!"
80. Verily, thus
We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers - see V.2:112).
81. Verily, he [Nuh
was one of Our believing slaves.
82. Then We drowned
the other (disbelievers and polytheists, etc.).
83. And, verily,
among those who followed his [Nuh's (Noah)] way (Islamic
Monotheism) was Ibrahim (Abraham).
84. When he came
to his Lord with a pure heart [attached to Allah Alone and
none else, worshipping none but Allah Alone true Islamic
Monotheism, pure from the filth of polytheism].
85. When he said
to his father and to his people: "What is it that which you
86. "Is it a
falsehood aliha (gods) other than Allah that
87. "Then what
do you think about the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind,
jinns, and all that exists)?"
88. Then he cast
a glance at the stars (to deceive them),
89. And he said:
"Verily, I am sick (with plague. He did this trick to remain
in their temple of idols to destroy them and not to accompany
them to the pagan's feast)."
90. So they turned
away from him, and departed (for fear of the disease).
91. Then he turned
to their aliha (gods) and said: "Will you not
eat (of the offering before you)?
92. "What is
the matter with you that you speak not?"
93. Then he turned
upon them, striking (them) with (his) right hand.
94. Then they (the
worshippers of idols) came, towards him, hastening.
95. He said: "Worship
you that which you (yourselves) carve?
96. "While Allah
has created you and what you make!"
97. They said: "Build
for him a building (it is said that the building was like a furnace)
and throw him into the blazing fire!"
98. So they plotted
a plot against him, but We made them the lowest.
99. And he said (after
his rescue from the fire): "Verily, I am going to my Lord.
He will guide me!"
100. "My Lord!
Grant me (offspring) from the righteous."
101. So We gave him
the glad tidings of a forbearing boy.
102. And, when he
(his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: "O my
son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer
you in sacrifice to Allah), so look what you think!"
He said: "O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha'
Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of As-Sabirin
(the patient ones, etc.)."
103. Then, when they
had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah), and
he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side of his
forehead for slaughtering);
104. And We called
out to him: "O Abraham!
105. You have fulfilled
the dream (vision)!" Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinun
(good-doers - see V.2:112).
106. Verily, that
indeed was a manifest trial
107. And We ransomed
him with a great sacrifice (i.e. - a ram);
108. And We left
for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in
(peace) be upon Ibrahim (Abraham)!"
110. Thus indeed
do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers - see V.2:112).
111. Verily, he was
one of Our believing slaves.
112. And We gave
him the glad tidings of Ishaque (Isaac) a Prophet from
113. We blessed him
and Ishaque (Isaac), and of their progeny are (some) that
do right, and some that plainly wrong themselves.
114. And, indeed
We gave Our Grace to Musa (Moses) and Harun
115. And We saved
them and their people from the great distress;
116. And helped them,
so that they became the victors;
117. And We gave
them the clear Scripture;
118. And guided them
to the Right Path;
119. And We left
for them (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in
(peace) be upon Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron)!"
121. Verily, thus
do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers - see V.2:112).
122. Verily! They
were two of Our believing slaves.
123. And verily,
Iliyas (Elias) was one of the Messengers.
124. When he said
to his people: "Will you not fear Allah?
125. "Will you
call upon Ba'l (a well- known idol of his nation whom they
used to worship) and forsake the Best of creators,
your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers?"
127. But they denied
him [Iliyas (Elias)], so they will certainly be brought
forth (to the punishment),
128. Except the chosen
slaves of Allah.
129. And We left
for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in
(peace) be upon Ilyasin (Elias)!"
131. Verily, thus
do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers, who perform
good deeds totally for Allah's sake only - see V.2:112).
132. Verily, he was
one of Our believing slaves.
133. And verily,
Lout (Lot) was one of the Messengers.
134. When We saved
him and his family, all,
135. Except an old
woman (his wife) who was among those who remained behind.
136. Then We destroyed
the rest [i.e. the towns of Sodom at the place of the Dead Sea
(now) in Palestine]. [See the "Book of History" by Ibn
137. Verily, you
pass by them in the morning.
138. And at night;
will you not then reflect?
139. And, verily,
Yunus (Jonah) was one of the Messengers.
140. When he ran
to the laden ship,
141. He (agreed to)
cast lots, and he was among the losers,
142. Then a (big)
fish swallowed him and he had done an act worthy of blame.
143. Had he not been
of them who glorify Allah,
144. He would have
indeed remained inside its belly (the fish) till the Day of Resurrection.
145. But We cast
him forth on the naked shore while he was sick,
146. And We caused
a plant of gourd to grow over him.
147. And We sent
him to a hundred thousand (people) or even more.
148. And they believed;
so We gave them enjoyment for a while.
149. Now ask them
(O Muhammad ):
"Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them?"
150. Or did We create
the angels females while they were witnesses?
151. Verily, it is
of their falsehood that they (Quraish pagans) say:
has begotten off spring or children (i.e. angels are the daughters
of Allah)?" And, verily, they are liars!
153. Has He (then)
chosen daughters rather than sons?
154. What is the
matter with you? How do you decide?
155. Will you not
156. Or is there
for you a plain authority?
157. Then bring your
Book if you are truthful!
158. And they have
invented a kinship between Him and the jinns, but the jinns know
well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will
be brought for accounts).
159. Glorified is
Allah! (He is Free) from what they attribute unto Him!
160. Except the slaves
of Allah, whom He choses (for His Mercy i.e. true believers
of Islamic Monotheism who do not attribute false things
161. So, verily you
(pagans) and those whom you worship (idols).
162. Cannot lead
astray [turn away from Him (Allah) anyone of the believers],
163. Except those
who are predestined to burn in Hell!
164. There is not
one of us (angels) but has his known place (or position);
165. Verily, we (angels),
we stand in rows for the prayers (as you Muslims stand in rows
for your prayers);
166. Verily, we (angels),
we are they who glorify (Allah's Praises i.e. perform prayers).
167. And indeed they
(Arab pagans) used to say;
168. "If we
had a reminder as had the men of old (before the coming of Prophet
as a Messenger of Allah).
169. "We would
have indeed been the chosen slaves of Allah (true believers
of Islamic Monotheism)!"
170. But (now that
the Qur'an has come) they disbelieve therein (i.e. in the
Qur'an and in Prophet Muhammad , and all that which he brought,
the Divine Revelation), so they will come to know!
171. And, verily,
Our Word has gone forth of old for Our slaves, the Messengers,
172. That they verily
would be made triumphant.
173. And that Our
hosts, they verily would be the victors.
174. So turn away
(O Muhammad )
from them for a while,
175. And watch them
and they shall see (the punishment)!
176. Do they seek
to hasten on Our Torment?
177. Then, when it
descends into their courtyard (i.e. near to them), evil will be
the morning for those who had been warned!
178. So turn (O Muhammad
) away from them for a while,
179. And watch and
they shall see (the torment)!
180. Glorified be
your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what
they attribute unto Him!
181. And peace be
on the Messengers!
182. And all the
praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the 'Alamin
(mankind, jinns and all that exists).
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