In the Name of Allah,the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an,
and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].
2. The Romans have
3. In the nearer
land (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine), and they, after their
defeat, will be victorious.
4. Within three to
nine years. The decision of the matter, before and after (these
events) is only with Allah, (before the defeat of Romans
by the Persians, and after, i.e. the defeat of the Persians by
the Romans). And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will
rejoice (at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against
5. With the help
of Allah, He helps whom He wills, and He is the AllMighty,
the Most Merciful.
6. (It is) a Promise
of Allah (i.e. Allah will give victory to the Romans
against the Persians), and Allah fails not in His Promise,
but most of men know not.
7. They know only
the outside appearance of the life of the world (i.e. the matters
of their livelihood, like irrigating or sowing or reaping, etc.),
and they are heedless of the Hereafter.
8. Do they not think
deeply (in their ownselves) about themselves (how Allah
created them from nothing, and similarly He will resurrect them)?
Allah has created not the heavens and the earth, and all
that is between them, except with truth and for an appointed term.
And indeed many of mankind deny the Meeting with their Lord. [See
Tafsir AtTabari, Part 21, Page 24].
9. Do they not travel
in the land, and see what was the end of those before them? They
were superior to them in strength, and they tilled the earth and
populated it in greater numbers than these (pagans) have done,
and there came to them their Messengers with clear proofs. Surely,
Allah wronged them not, but they used to wrong themselves.
10. Then evil was
the end of those who did evil, because they belied the Ayat
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, Messengers,
etc.) of Allah and made mock of them.
11. Allah (Alone)
originates the creation, then He will repeat it, then to Him you
will be returned.
12. And on the Day
when the Hour will be established, the Mujrimun (disbelievers,
sinners, criminals, polytheists, etc.) will be plunged into destruction
with deep regrets, sorrows, and despair.
13. No intercessor
will they have from those whom they made equal with Allah
(partners i.e. their socalled associate gods), and they
will (themselves) reject and deny their partners.
14. And on the Day
when the Hour will be established, that Day shall (all men) be
separated (i.e the believers will be separated from the disbelievers).
15. Then as for those
who believed (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism)
and did righteous good deeds, such shall be honoured and made
to enjoy luxurious life (forever) in a Garden of delight (Paradise).
16. And as for those
who disbelieved and belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, Allah's Messengers,
Resurrection, etc.), and the Meeting of the Hereafter, such shall
be brought forth to the torment (in the Hell-fire).
17. So glorify Allah
[above all that (evil) they associate with Him (O believers)],
when you come up to the evening [i.e. offer the (Maghrib)
sunset and ('Isha') night prayers], and when you
enter the morning [i.e offer the (Fajr) morning prayer].
18. And His is all
the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify
Him) in the afternoon (i.e. offer 'Asr prayer) and when
you come up to the time, when the day begins to decline (i.e offer
Zuhr prayer). (Ibn 'Abbas said: "These are the
five compulsory congregational prayers mentioned in the Qur'an)."
19. He brings out
the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living.
And He revives the earth after its death. And thus shall you be
brought out (resurrected).
20. And among His
Signs is this, that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then
[Hawwa' (Eve) from Adam's rib, and then his offspring from the
semen, and], - behold you are human beings scattered!
21. And among His
Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves,
that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection
and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.
22. And among His
Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference
of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs
for men of sound knowledge.
23. And among His
Signs is the sleep that
you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty.
Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who listen.
24. And among His
Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear and hope,
and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives
the earth after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for
a people who understand.
25. And among His
Signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His Command, then
afterwards when He will call you by single call, behold, you will
come out from the earth (i.e from your graves for reckoning and
26. To Him belongs
whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to
27. And He it is
Who originates the creation, then will repeat it (after it has
been perished), and this is easier for Him. His is the highest
description (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but He,
and there is nothing comparable unto Him) in the heavens and in
the earth. And He is the AllMighty, the AllWise.
28. He sets forth
for you a parable from your ownselves, - Do you have partners
among those whom your right hands possess (i.e your slaves) to
share as equals in the wealth We have bestowed on you? Whom you
fear as you fear each other? Thus do We explain the signs in detail
to a people who have sense
29. Nay, but those
who do wrong follow their own lusts without knowledge, Then who
will guide him whom Allah has sent astray? And for such
there will be no helpers.
30. So set you (O
your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism
Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's
Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with
which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalqillah
(i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism),
that is the straight religion, but most of men know not.
[Tafsir AtTabari, Vol 21, Page 41]
31. (Always) Turning
in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him;
and perform AsSalat (IqamatasSalat)
and be not of AlMushrikun (the disbelievers
in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.).
32. Of those who
split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islamic
Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things
in the religion (Bid'ah), and followed their vain desires],
each sect rejoicing in that which is with it.
33. And when harm
touches men, they cry sincerely only to their Lord (Allah),
turning to Him in repentance, but when He gives them a taste of
His Mercy, behold! a party of them associate partners in worship
with their Lord.
34. So as to be ungrateful
for the graces which We have bestowed on them. Then enjoy (your
short life); but you will come to know.
35. Or have We revealed
to them a Scripture, which speaks of that which they have been
associating with Him?
36. And when We cause
mankind to taste of mercy, they rejoice therein, but when some
evil afflicts them because of (evil deeds and sins) that their
(own) hands have sent forth, lo! They are in despair!
37. Do they not see
that Allah enlarges the provision for whom He wills and
straitens (it for whom He wills). Verily, in that are indeed signs
for a people who believe.
38. So give to the
kindred his due, and to AlMiskin (the poor)
and to the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek Allah's
Countenance, and it is they who will be successful.
39. And that which
you give in gift (to others),
in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting to get
a better one in return) from other people's property, has no increase
with Allah, but that which you give in Zakat
seeking Allah's Countenance then those, they shall have
40. Allah is
He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause
you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of
Resurrection). Is there any of your (socalled) partners
(of Allah) that do anything of that ? Glory be to Him! And
Exalted be He above all that (evil) they associate (with Him).
41. Evil (sins and
disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea
because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and
evil deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste a part
of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by
repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon).
42. Say (O Muhammad
): "Travel in the land and
see what was the end of those before (you)! Most of them were
Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah,
polytheists, idolaters, etc.)."
43. So set you (O
your face to (the obedience of Allah, your Lord) the straight
and right religion (Islamic Monotheism), before there comes
from Allah a Day which none can avert it. On that Day men
shall be divided [(in two groups), a group in Paradise and a group
44. Whosoever disbelieves
will suffer from his disbelief, and whosoever does righteous good
deeds (by practising Islamic Monotheism), then such will
prepare a good place (in Paradise) for themselves (and will be
saved by Allah from His Torment).
45. That He may reward
those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic
Monotheism), and do righteous good deeds, out of His Bounty. Verily,
He likes not the disbelievers.
46. And among His
Signs is this, that He sends the winds as glad tidings, giving
you a taste of His Mercy (i.e. rain), and that the ships
may sail at His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty,
in order that you may be thankful.
47. And indeed We
did send Messengers before you (O Muhammad ) to their own peoples. They came
to them with clear proofs, then, We took vengeance on those who
committed crimes (disbelief, setting partners in worship with
Allah, sins, etc.), and (as for) the believers it was incumbent
upon Us to help (them).
48. Allah is
He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them
along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments,
until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when
He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He will, lo! they
49. And verily before
that (rain), just before it was sent down upon them, they were
50. Look then at
the effects (results) of Allah's Mercy, how He revives the
earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived
the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the
Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.
51. And if We send
a wind [which would spoil the green growth (tilth) brought up
by the previous rain], and they see (their tilth) turn yellow,
behold, they then after their being glad, would become unthankful
(to their Lord Allah as) disbelievers.
52. So verily, you
(O Muhammad )
cannot make the dead to hear (i.e. the disbelievers, etc.), nor
can you make the deaf to hear the call, when they show their backs,
53. And you (O Muhammad
) cannot guide the blind from their
straying; you can make to hear only those who believe in Our Ayat
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.),
and have submitted to Allah in Islam (as Muslims).
54. Allah is
He Who created you in (a state of) weakness, then gave you strength
after weakness, then after strength gave (you) weakness and grey
hair. He creates what He wills. And it is He Who is the AllKnowing,
the AllPowerful (i.e. Able to do all things).
55. And on the Day
that the Hour will be established, the Mujrimun (criminals,
disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) will swear that they
stayed not but an hour, thus were they ever deluded [away from
the truth (i.e they used to tell lies and take false oaths, and
turn away from the truth) in this life of the world)].
56. And those who
have been bestowed with knowledge and faith will say: "Indeed
you have stayed according to the Decree of Allah, until
the Day of Resurrection, so this is the Day of Resurrection, but
you knew not."
57. So on that Day
no excuse of theirs will avail those who did wrong (by associating
partners in worship with Allah, and by denying the Day of
Resurrection), nor will they be allowed (then) to return to seek
Allah's Pleasure (by having Islamic Faith with righteous
deeds and by giving up polytheism, sins and crimes with repentance).
58. And indeed We
have set forth for mankind, in this Qur'an every kind of
parable. But if you (O Muhammad )
bring to them any sign or proof, (as an evidence for the truth
of your Prophethood), the disbelievers are sure to say (to the
believers): "You follow nothing but falsehood, and magic."
59. Thus does Allah
seal up the hearts of those who know not [the proofs and evidence
of the Oneness of Allah i.e. those who try not to understand
true facts that which you (Muhammad )
have brought to them].
60. So be patient
(O Muhammad ).
Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, and let not those
who have no certainty of faith, discourage you from conveying
Allah's Message (which you are obliged to convey).
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