In the Name of Allah, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an,
and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. These
are the Verses of the Qur'an, and (it is) a Book (that makes
2. A guide (to the
Right Path); and glad tidings for the believers [who believe in
the Oneness of Allah (i.e. Islamic Monotheism)].
3. Those who perform
and give Zakat and they believe with certainty in
the Hereafter (resurrection, recompense of their good and bad
deeds, Paradise and Hell, etc.).
4. Verily, those
who believe not in the Hereafter, We have made their deeds fair-seeming
to them, so they wander about blindly.
5. They are those
for whom there will be an evil torment (in this world). And in
the Hereafter they will be the greatest losers.
6. And verily, you
(O Muhammad )
are receiving the Qur'an from the One, All-Wise, All-Knowing.
7. (Remember) when
Musa (Moses) said to his household: "Verily! I have
seen a fire, I will bring you from there some information, or
I will bring you a burning brand, that you may warm yourselves."
8. But when he came
to it, he was called: "Blessed is whosoever is in the fire,
and whosoever is round about it! And glorified be Allah,
the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that
9. "O Musa
(Moses)! Verily! It is I, Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
10. "And throw
down your stick!" But when he saw it moving as if it were
a snake, he turned in flight, and did not look back. (It was said):
"O Musa (Moses)! Fear not, verily! The Messengers fear
not in front of Me.
him who has done wrong and afterwards has changed evil for good,
then surely, I am Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
12. "And put
your hand into your bosom, it will come forth white without hurt.
(These are) among the nine signs (you will take) to Fir'aun (Pharaoh)
and his people, they are a people who are the Fasiqun
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
13. But when Our
Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs,
revelations, etc.) came to them, clear to see, they said: "This
is a manifest magic."
14. And they belied
them (those Ayat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though
their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayat)
are from Allah, and Musa (Moses) is the Messenger
of Allah in truth, but they disliked to obey Musa
(Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So
see what was the end of the Mufsidun (disbelievers,
disobedient to Allah, evil-doers, liars.).
15. And indeed We
gave knowledge to Dawud (David) and Sulaiman (Solomon),
and they both said: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah,
Who has preferred us above many of His believing slaves!"
16. And Sulaiman
(Solomon) inherited (the knowledge of) Dawud (David). He
said: "O mankind! We have been taught the language of birds,
and on us have been bestowed all things. This, verily, is an evident
grace (from Allah)."
17. And there were
gathered before Sulaiman (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and
men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching
18. Till, when they
came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: "O
ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and
his hosts crush you, while they perceive not."
19. So he [Sulaiman
(Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech
and said: "My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power
and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You
have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous
good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among
Your righteous slaves."
20. He inspected
the birds, and said: "What is the matter that I see not the
hoopoe? Or is he among the absentees?
21. "I will
surely punish him with a severe torment, or slaughter him, unless
he brings me a clear reason."
22. But the hoopoe
stayed not long, he (came up and) said: "I have grasped (the
knowledge of a thing) which you have not grasped and I have come
to you from Saba' (Sheba) with true news.
23. "I found
a woman ruling over them, and she has been given all things that
could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and she has a great
24. "I found
her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah,
and Shaitan (Satan) has made their deeds fair-seeming
to them, and has barred them from (Allah's) Way, so they
have no guidance,"
(this word has two interpretations) (A) [As Shaitan
(Satan) has barred them from Allah's Way] so that they do
not worship (prostrate before) Allah, or (B) So that they
may worship (prostrate before) Allah, Who brings to light
what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you
conceal and what you reveal. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol.
19, Page 149]
La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be
worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!
(Solomon)] said: "We shall see whether you speak the truth
or you are (one) of the liars.
28. "Go you
with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them, then draw back
from them, and see what (answer) they return."
29. She said: "O
chiefs! Verily! Here is delivered to me a noble letter,
It is from Sulaiman (Solomon), and verily! It (reads): In
the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful;
31. "Be you
not exalted against me, but come to me as Muslims (true believers
who submit to Allah with full submission)' "
32. She said: "O
chiefs! Advise me in (this) case of mine. I decide no case till
you are present with me."
33. They said: "We
have great strength, and great ability for war, but it is for
you to command; so think over what you will command."
34. She said: "Verily!
Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and
make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they
35. "But verily!
I am going to send him a present, and see with what (answer) the
36. So when (the
messengers with the present) came to Sulaiman (Solomon),
he said: "Will you help me in wealth? What Allah has
given me is better than that which He has given you! Nay, you
rejoice in your gift!"
37. [Then Sulaiman
(Solomon) said to the chief of her messengers who brought the
present]: "Go back to them. We verily shall come to them
with hosts that they cannot resist, and we shall drive them out
from there in disgrace, and they will be abased."
38. He said: "O
chiefs! Which of you can bring me her throne before they come
to me surrendering themselves in obedience?"
39. An Ifrit
(strong) from the jinns said: "I will bring it to you
before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed
strong, and trustworthy for such work."
40. One with whom
was knowledge of the Scripture said: "I will bring it to
you within the twinkling of an eye!" then when [Sulaiman
(Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said: "This is by
the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful!
And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good
of) his ownself, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful
only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! My Lord is Rich
(Free of all wants), Bountiful."
41. He said: "Disguise
her throne for her that we may see whether she will be guided
(to recognise her throne), or she will be one of those not guided."
42. So when she came,
it was said (to her): "Is your throne like this?" She
said: "(It is) as though it were the very same." And
[Sulaiman (Solomon) said]: "Knowledge was bestowed
on us before her, and we were submitted to Allah (in Islam
as Muslims before her)."
43. And that which
she used to worship besides Allah has prevented her (from
Islam), for she was of a disbelieving people.
44. It was said to
her: "Enter As-Sarh" [(a glass surface with water
underneath it) or a palace], but when she saw it, she thought
it was a pool, and she (tucked up her clothes) uncovering her
legs, Sulaiman (Solomon) said: "Verily, it is Sarh
[(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace] paved
smooth with slab of glass." She said: "My Lord! Verily,
I have wronged myself, and I submit (in Islam, together
with Sulaiman (Solomon), to Allah, the Lord of the
'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)."
45. And indeed We
sent to Thamud their brother Salih (Saleh), saying:
"Worship Allah (Alone and none else). Then look! They
became two parties (believers and disbelievers) quarreling with
46. He said: "O
my people! Why do you seek to hasten the evil (torment) before
the good (Allah's Mercy)? Why seek you not the Forgiveness
of Allah, that you may receive mercy?"
47. They said: "We
augur ill omen from you and those with you." He said: "Your
ill omen is with Allah; nay, but you are a people that are
48. And there were
in the city nine men (from the sons of their chiefs), who made
mischief in the land, and would not reform.
49. They said: "Swear
one to another by Allah that we shall make a secret night
attack on him and his household, and afterwards we will surely
say to his near relatives: 'We witnessed not the destruction of
his household, and verily! We are telling the truth.'"
50. So they plotted
a plot, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.
51. Then see how
was the end of their plot! Verily! We destroyed them and their
nation, all together.
52. These are their
houses in utter ruin, for they did wrong. Verily, in this is indeed
an Ayah (a lesson or a sign) for people who know.
53. And We saved
those who believed, and used to fear Allah, and keep their
duty to Him.
54. And (remember)
Lout (Lot)! When he said to his people
. Do you commit AlFahishah (evil, great sin,
every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, sodomy, etc.) while
you see (one another doing evil without any screen, etc.)?"
55. "Do you
approach men in your lusts rather than women? Nay, but you are
a people who behave senselessly."
56. There was no
other answer given by his people except that they said: "Drive
out the family of Lout (Lot) from your city. Verily, these are
men who want to be clean and pure!"
57. So We saved him
and his family, except his wife. We destined her to be of those
who remained behind.
58. And We rained
down on them a rain (of stones). So evil was the rain of those
who were warned.
59. Say (O Muhammad
): "Praise and thanks be to
Allah, and peace be on His slaves whom He has chosen (for
His Message)! Is Allah better, or (all) that you ascribe
as partners (to Him)?" (Of course, Allah is Better).
60. Is not He (better
than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends
down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow
wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your
ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah
(god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe
equals (to Him)!
61. Is not He (better
than your gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has
placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein,
and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet
water).Is there any ilah (god) with Allah?
Nay, but most of them know not.
62. Is not He (better
than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls
Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the
earth, generations after generations. Is there any ilah
(god) with Allah? Little is that you remember!
63. Is not He (better
than your gods) Who guides you in the darkness of the land and
the sea, and Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going
before His Mercy (rain)? Is there any ilah (god)
with Allah? High Exalted be Allah above all that they
associate as partners (to Him)!
64. Is not He (better
than your so-called gods) Who originates creation, and shall thereafter
repeat it, and Who provides for you from heaven and earth? Is
there any ilah (god) with Allah? Say, "Bring
forth your proofs, if you are truthful."
65. Say: "None
in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected."
66. Nay, they have
no knowledge of the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about it.
Nay, they are blind about it.
67. And those who
disbelieve say: "When we have become dust, we and our fathers,
shall we really be brought forth (again)?
we were promised this, we and our forefathers before, Verily,
these are nothing but tales of ancients."
69. Say to them (O
"Travel in the land and see how has been the end of the criminals
(those who denied Allah's Messengers and disobeyed Allah)."
70. And grieve you
not for them, nor be straitened (in distress) because of what
71. And they (the
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) say: "When (will)
this promise (be fulfilled), if you are truthful?"
72. Say: "Perhaps
that which you wish to hasten on, may be close behind you.
your Lord is full of Grace for mankind, yet most of them do not
74. And verily, your
Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they reveal.
75. And there is
nothing hidden in the heaven and the earth, but is in a Clear
Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).
76. Verily, this
Qur'an narrates to the Children of Israel most of that about
which they differ.
77. And truly, it
(this Qur'an) is a guide and a mercy to the believers.
78. Verily, your
Lord will decide between them (various sects) by His Judgement.
And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
79. So put your trust
in Allah; surely, you (O Muhammad ) are on manifest truth.
80. Verily, you cannot
make the dead to hear (i.e. benefit them and similarly the disbelievers),
nor can you make the deaf to hear the call, when they flee, turning
81. Nor can you lead
the blind out of their error, you can only make to hear those
who believe in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and who have submitted (themselves
to Allah in Islam as Muslims).
82. And when the
Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out
from the earth a beast
to them, which will speak to them because mankind believed not
with certainty in Our Ayat (Verses of the Qur'an
and Prophet Muhammad ).
83. And (remember)
the Day when We shall gather out of every nation a troop of those
who denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.), and (then) they (all) shall be gathered
(and driven to the place of reckoning),
84. Till, when they
come (before their Lord at the place of reckoning), He will say:
"Did you deny My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) when you comprehended them
not in knowledge, or what (else) was it that you used to do?"
85. And the Word
(of torment) will be fulfilled against them, because they have
done wrong, and they will be unable to speak (in order to defend
86. See they not
that We have made the night for them to rest therein, and the
day sight-giving? Verily, in this are Ayat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for the
people who believe.
87. And (remember)
the Day on which the Trumpet will be blown and all who are in
the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be terrified except
him whom Allah will (exempt). And all shall come to Him
88. And you will
see the mountains and think them solid, but they shall pass away
as the passing away of the clouds. The Work of Allah, Who
perfected all things, verily! He is Well-Acquainted with what
89. Whoever brings
a good deed (i.e. Belief in the Oneness of Allah along with
every deed of righteousness), will have better than its worth,
and they will be safe from the terror on that Day.
90. And whoever brings
an evil (deed) (i.e. Shirk polytheism, disbelief in the
Oneness of Allah and every evil sinful deed), they will
be cast down (prone) on their faces in the Fire. (And it will
be said to them) "Are you being recompensed anything except
what you used to do?"
91. I (Muhammad ) have been commanded only to worship
the Lord of this city (Makkah), Him Who has sanctified it and
His is everything. And I am commanded to be from among the Muslims
(those who submit to Allah in Islam).
92. And to recite
the Qur'an, so whosoever receives guidance, receives it
for the good of his ownself, and whosoever goes astray, say (to
him): "I am only one of the warners."
93. And say [(O Muhammad
) to these polytheists and pagans
etc.]: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah. He
will show you His Ayat (signs, in yourselves, and
in the universe or punishments, etc.), and you shall recognise
them. And your Lord is not unaware of what you do."
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