In the Name of Allah, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. O mankind! Fear
your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the
Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.
2. The Day you shall
see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every
pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as
in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will
be the Torment of Allah.
3. And among mankind
is he who disputes concerning Allah, without knowledge,
and follows every rebellious (disobedient to Allah) Shaitan
(devil) (devoid of each and every kind of good).
4. For him (the devil)
it is decreed that whosoever follows him, he will mislead him,
and will drive him to the torment of the Fire. [Tafsir At-Tabari]
5. O mankind! If
you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then verily! We have
created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed
drops of male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam),
then from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from
a little lump of flesh, some formed and some unformed (miscarriage),
that We may make (it) clear to you (i.e. to show you Our Power
and Ability to do what We will). And We cause whom We will to
remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out
as infants, then (give
you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength. And
among you there is he who dies (young), and among you there is
he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that he knows
nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but
when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life),
it swells and puts forth every lovely kind (of growth).
6. That is because
Allah, He is the Truth, and it is He Who gives life to the
dead, and it is He Who is Able to do all things.
7. And surely, the
Hour is coming, there is no doubt about it, and certainly, Allah
will resurrect those who are in the graves.
8. And among men
is he who disputes about Allah, without knowledge or guidance,
or a Book giving light (from Allah),
9. Bending his neck
in pride (far astray from the Path of Allah),
and leading (others) too (far) astray from the Path of Allah.
For him there is disgrace in this worldly life, and on the Day
of Resurrection We shall make him taste the torment of burning
10. That is because
of what your hands have sent forth, and verily, Allah is
not unjust to (His) slaves.
11. And among mankind
is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge
(i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith;
but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts
back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both
this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss.
12. He calls besides
Allah unto that which hurts him not, nor profits him. That
is a straying far away.
13. He calls unto
him whose harm is nearer than his profit; certainly, and evil
Maula (patron) and certainly an evil friend!
14. Truly, Allah
will admit those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and
do righteous good deeds (according to the Qur'an and the
Sunnah) to Gardens underneath which rivers flow (in Paradise).
Verily, Allah does what He wills.
15. Whoever thinks
that Allah will not help him (Muhammad ) in this world and in the Hereafter,
let him stretch out a rope to the ceiling and let him strangle
himself. Then let him see whether his plan will remove that whereat
16. Thus have We
sent it (this Qur'an) down (to Muhammad ) as clear signs, evidences and
proofs, and surely, Allah guides whom He wills.
17. Verily, those
who believe (in Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad ), and those who are Jews, and
the Sabians, and the Christians, and the Magians, and those who
worship others besides Allah, truly, Allah will judge
between them on the Day of Resurrection. Verily! Allah is
Witness over all things.
18. See you not that
to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever
is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and
the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawab (moving
living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many of mankind? But there
are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified. And whomsoever
Allah disgraces, none can honour him. Verily! Allah
does what He wills.
19. These two opponents
(believers and disbelievers) dispute with each other about their
Lord; then as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will
be cut out for them, boiling water will be poured down over their
20. With it will
melt or vanish away what is within their bellies, as well as (their)
21. And for them
are hooked rods of iron (to punish them).
22. Every time they
seek to get away therefrom, from anguish, they will be driven
back therein, and (it will be) said to them: "Taste the torment
23. Truly, Allah
will admit those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic
Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to Gardens underneath
which rivers flow (in Paradise), wherein they will be adorned
with bracelets of gold and pearls and their garments therein will
be of silk.
24. And they are
guided (in this world) unto goodly speech (i.e. La ilaha
ill-Allah, Alhamdu lillah, recitation of the Qur'an,
etc.) and they are guided to the Path of Him (i.e. Allah's
Religion of Islamic Monotheism), Who is Worthy of all praises.
25. Verily! Those
who disbelieve and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah,
and from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) which We
have made (open) to (all) men, the dweller in it and the visitor
from the country are equal there [as regards its sanctity and
pilgrimage (Hajj and 'Umrah)]. And whoever inclines
to evil actions therein or to do wrong (i.e. practise polytheism
and leave Islamic Monotheism), him We shall cause to taste
a painful torment.
26. And (remember)
when We showed Ibrahim (Abraham) the site of the (Sacred)
House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) (saying): "Associate not anything
(in worship) with Me, [La ilaha ill-Allah
(none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Islamic
Monotheism], and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate
it, and those who stand up for prayer, and those who bow (submit
themselves with humility and obedience to Allah), and make
prostration (in prayer, etc.);"
27. And proclaim
to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you
on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep
and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).
28. That they may
witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj
in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.),
and mention the Name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th,
11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast
of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice) (at the
time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillah, Wallahu-Akbar,
Allahumma Minka wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed
therewith the poor who have a very hard time.
29. Then let them
complete the prescribed duties (Manasik of Hajj)
for them, and perform their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient
House (the Ka'bah at Makkah).
30. That (Manasik
prescribed duties of Hajj is the obligation that mankind
owes to Allah), and whoever honours the sacred things of
Allah, then that is better for him with his Lord. The cattle
are lawful to you, except those (that will be) mentioned to you
(as exceptions). So shun the abomination (worshipping) of idol,
and shun lying speech (false statements)
Lillah (i.e. to worship none but
Allah), not associating partners (in worship, etc.) unto
Him and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he
had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the
wind had thrown him to a far off place.
32. Thus it is [what
has been mentioned in the above said Verses (27, 28, 29, 30, 31)
is an obligation that mankind owes to Allah]. And whosoever
honours the Symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the
piety of the heart.
33. In them (cattle
offered for sacrifice) are benefits for you for an appointed term,
and afterwards they are brought for sacrifice unto the ancient
House (the Haram - sacred territory of Makkah city).
34. And for every
nation We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention
the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given
them for food. And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah
(God Allah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam).
And (O Muhammad )
give glad tidings to the Mukhbitin [those who obey Allah
with humility and are humble from among the true believers of
35. Whose hearts
are filled with fear when Allah is mentioned; who patiently
bear whatever may befall them (of calamities); and who perform
and who spend (in Allah's Cause) out of what We have provided
36. And the Budn
(cows, oxen, or camels driven to be offered as sacrifices
by the pilgrims at the sanctuary of Makkah.) We have made for
you as among the Symbols of Allah, therein you have much
good. So mention the Name of Allah over them when they are
drawn up in lines (for sacrifice). Then, when they are down on
their sides (after slaughter), eat thereof, and feed the beggar
who does not ask (men), and the beggar who asks (men). Thus have
We made them subject to you that you may be grateful.
37. It is neither
their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is
piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject
to you that you may magnify Allah for His Guidance to you.
And give glad tidings (O Muhammad )
to the Muhsinun
(doers of good).
38. Truly, Allah
defends those who believe. Verily! Allah likes not any treacherous
ingrate to Allah [those who disobey Allah but obey
39. Permission to
fight is given to those (i.e. believers against disbelievers),
who are fighting them, (and) because they (believers) have been
wronged, and surely, Allah is Able to give them (believers)
40. Those who have
been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said:
"Our Lord is Allah." - For had it not been that
Allah checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries,
churches, synagogues, and mosques, wherein the Name of Allah
is mentioned much would surely have been pulled down. Verily,
Allah will help those who help His (Cause). Truly, Allah
is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
41. Those (Muslim
rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) order for
[i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salat
(prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakat
and they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism
and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar
(i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has forbidden)
[i.e. they make the Qur'an as the law of their country in
all the spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of
(all) matters (of creatures).
42. And if they belie
you (O Muhammad ),
so were belied the Prophets before them, (by) the people of Nuh
(Noah), 'Ad and Thamud,
43. And the people
of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the people of Lout (Lot),
44. And the dwellers
of Madyan (Midian); and belied was Musa (Moses), but I granted
respite to the disbelievers for a while, then I seized them, and
how (terrible) was My Punishment (against their wrong-doing).
45. And many a township
have We destroyed while it was given to wrong-doing, so that it
lies in ruins (up to this day), and (many) a deserted well and
46. Have they not
travelled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to
understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes
that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts
that grow blind.
47. And they ask
you to hasten on the torment! And Allah fails not His Promise.
And verily, a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what
48. And many a township
did I give respite while it was given to wrong-doing. Then (in
the end) I seized it (with punishment). And to Me is the (final)
return (of all).
49. Say (O Muhammad
): "O mankind! I am (sent)
to you only as a plain warner."
50. So those who
believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism)
and do righteous good deeds, for them is forgiveness and Rizqun
Karim (generous provision, i.e. Paradise).
51. But those who
strive against Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), to frustrate and obstruct
them, they will be dwellers of the Hell-fire.
52. Never did We
send a Messenger or a Prophet before you, but; when he did recite
the revelation or narrated or spoke, Shaitan (Satan)
threw (some falsehood) in it. But Allah abolishes that which
Shaitan (Satan) throws in. Then Allah establishes
His Revelations. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise:
53. That He (Allah)
may make what is thrown in by Shaitan (Satan) a trial
for those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy and disbelief)
and whose hearts are hardened. And certainly, the Zalimun
(polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) are in an opposition far-off
(from the truth against Allah's Messenger and the believers).
54. And that those
who have been given knowledge may know that it (this Qur'an)
is the truth from your Lord, and that they may believe therein,
and their hearts may submit to it with humility. And verily, Allah
is the Guide of those who believe, to the Straight Path.
55. And those who
disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt about it (this Qur'an)
until the Hour comes suddenly upon them, or there comes to them
the torment of the Day after which there will be no night (i.e.
the Day of Resurrection).
56. The sovereignty
on that Day will be that of Allah (the one Who has no partners).
He will judge between them. So those who believed (in the Oneness
of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and did righteous good
deeds will be in Gardens of delight (Paradise).
57. And those who
disbelieved and belied Our Verses (of this Qur'an), for
them will be a humiliating torment (in Hell).
58. Those who emigrated
in the Cause of Allah and after that were killed or died,
surely, Allah will provide a good provision for them. And
verily, it is Allah Who indeed is the Best of those who
59. Truly, He will
make them enter an entrance with which they shall be well-pleased,
and verily, Allah indeed is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.
60. That is so. And
whoever has retaliated with the like of that which he was made
to suffer, and then has again been wronged, Allah will surely
help him. Verily! Allah indeed is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.
61. That is because
Allah merges the night into the day, and He merges the day
into the night. And verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.
62. That is because
Allah He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists,
Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists)
invoke besides Him, it is Batil (falsehood) And verily,
Allah He is the Most High, the Most Great.
63. See you not that
Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and then the
earth becomes green? Verily, Allah is the Most Kind and
Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things.
64. To Him belongs
all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. And verily,
Allah He is Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.
65. See you not that
Allah has subjected to you (mankind) all that is on the
earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command?
He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except by His
Leave. Verily, Allah is, for mankind, full of Kindness,
66. It is He, Who
gave you life, and then will cause you to die, and will again
give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Verily! Man is indeed
67. For every nation
We have ordained religious ceremonies [e.g. slaughtering of the
beast of cattle during the three days of stay at Mina (Makkah)
during the Hajj (pilgrimage)] which they must follow; so
let them (pagans) not dispute with you on the matter (i.e. to
eat of the cattle which you slaughter, and not to eat of cattle
which Allah kills by its natural death), but invite them
to your Lord. Verily! You (O Muhammad ) indeed are on the (true) straight
guidance. (i.e. the true religion of Islamic Monotheism).
68. And if they argue
with you (as regards the slaughtering of the sacrifices), say;
"Allah knows best of what you do.
will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein
you used to differ."
70. Know you not
that Allah knows all that is in heaven and on earth? Verily,
it is (all) in the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz). Verily!
That is easy for Allah.
71. And they worship
besides Allah others for which He has sent down no authority,
and of which they have no knowledge and for the Zalimun
(wrong-doers, polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah)
there is no helper.
72. And when Our
Clear Verses are recited to them, you will notice a denial on
the faces of the disbelievers! They are nearly ready to attack
with violence those who recite Our Verses to them. Say: "Shall
I tell you of something worse than that? The Fire (of Hell) which
Allah has promised to those who disbelieve, and worst indeed
is that destination!"
73. O mankind! A
similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily!
Those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even)
a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And
if the fly snatched away a thing from them, they would have no
power to release it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker
and the sought.
74. They have not
estimated Allah His Rightful Estimate; Verily, Allah
is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
75. Allah chooses
Messengers from angels and from men. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer,
76. He knows what
is before them, and what is behind them. And to Allah return
all matters (for decision).
77. O you who believe!
Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and
do good that you may be successful.
78. And strive hard
in Allah's Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity
and with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He
has chosen you (to convey His Message of Islamic Monotheism
to mankind by inviting them to His religion, Islam), and
has not laid upon you in religion any hardship,
it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic
Monotheism). It is He (Allah) Who has named you Muslims
both before and in this (the Qur'an), that the Messenger
may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind!
So perform AsSalat (Iqamat-as-Salat),
give Zakat and hold fast to Allah [i.e. have
confidence in Allah, and depend upon Him in all your affairs]
He is your Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.), what an Excellent
Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an Excellent Helper!
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