1. Freedom from (all)
obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger () to those of the Mushrikun
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allah), with whom you made a treaty.
2. So travel freely
(O Mushrikun - see V.2:105) for four months (as you
will) throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from
the Punishment of) Allah, and Allah will disgrace
3. And a declaration
from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest
day (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah - the 12th month of Islamic
calendar) that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the
Mushrikun (see V.2:105) and so is His Messenger.
So if you (Mushrikun) repent, it is better for you,
but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the
Punishment of) Allah. And give tidings (O Muhammad ) of a painful torment to those
4. Except those of
the Mushrikun with whom you have a treaty, and who
have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported
anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end
of their term. Surely Allah loves Al- Mattaqun
(the pious - see V.2:2).
5. Then when the
Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic
calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (see
V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege
them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they
repent and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat),
and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily,
Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6. And if anyone
of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection
then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah
(the Qur'an), and then escort him to where he can be secure,
that is because they are men who know not.
7. How can there
be a covenant with Allah and with His Messenger for the
Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers
in the Oneness of Allah) except those with whom you made
a covenant near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah)? So
long, as they are true to you, stand you true to them. Verily,
Allah loves Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2).
8. How (can there
be such a covenant with them) that when you are overpowered by
them, they regard not the ties, either of kinship or of covenant
with you? With (good words from) their mouths they please you,
but their hearts are averse to you, and most of them are Fasiqun
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
9. They have purchased
with the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah a little gain, and they
hindered men from His Way; evil indeed is that which they used
10. With regard to
a believer, they respect not the ties, either of kinship or of
covenant! It is they who are the transgressors.
11. But if they repent,
perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat)
and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.
(In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people
12. But if they violate
their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with
disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief
(chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) - for surely their oaths
are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions).
13. Will you not
fight a people who have violated their oaths (pagans of Makkah)
and intended to expel the Messenger, while they did attack you
first? Do you fear them? Allah has more right that you should
fear Him, if you are believers.
14. Fight against
them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace
them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a
15. And remove the
anger of their (believers') hearts. Allah accepts the repentance
of whom He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
16. Do you think
that you shall be left alone while Allah has not yet tested
those among you who have striven hard and fought and have not
taken Walijah [(Batanah - helpers, advisors
and consultants from disbelievers, pagans, etc.) giving openly
to them their secrets] besides Allah and His Messenger,
and the believers. Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you
17. It is not for
the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers
in the Oneness of Allah), to maintain the Mosques of Allah
(i.e. to pray and worship Allah therein, to look after
their cleanliness and their building, etc.), while they witness
against their ownselves of disbelief. The works of such are in
vain and in Fire shall they abide.
18. The Mosques of
Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah
and the Last Day; perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat),
and give Zakat and fear none but Allah. It
is they who are expected to be on true guidance.
19. Do you consider
the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the maintenance
of Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) as equal to the
worth of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and
strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah? They are not
equal before Allah. And Allah guides not those people
who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).
20. Those who believed
(in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and
emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allah's Cause with
their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah.
They are the successful.
21. Their Lord gives
them glad tidings of a Mercy from Him, and that He is pleased
(with them), and of Gardens (Paradise) for them wherein are everlasting
22. They will dwell
therein forever. Verily, with Allah is a great reward.
23. O you who believe!
Take not for Auliya' (supporters and helpers) your
fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief.
And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zalimun
24. Say: If your
fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the
wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a
decline, and the dwellings in which you delight
to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and
fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allah
brings about His Decision (torment). And Allah guides not
the people who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious,
disobedient to Allah).
25. Truly Allah
has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the Day of
Hunain (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number but it
availed you naught and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened
for you, then you turned back in flight.
26. Then Allah
did send down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquillity
and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger (Muhammad ), and on the believers, and sent
down forces (angels) which you saw not, and punished the disbelievers.
Such is the recompense of disbelievers.
27. Then after that
Allah will accept the repentance of whom He will. And Allah
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
28. O you who believe
(in Allah's Oneness and in His Messenger (Muhammad )! Verily, the Mushrikun
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allah, and in the Message of Muhammad ) are Najasun (impure).
So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at
Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allah
will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty. Surely, Allah
is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
29. Fight against
those who (1) believe not in Allah, (2) nor in the Last
Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah
and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion
of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture
(Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah
with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
30. And the Jews
say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians
say: Messiah is the son of Allah. That is a saying from
their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old.
Allah's Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from
31. They (Jews and
Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords
besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made
lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being
ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah,
son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded
[in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) to worship
none but One Ilah (God - Allah) La
ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped
but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far
above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)."
32. They (the disbelievers,
the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah's
Light (with which Muhammad
has been sent - Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths,
but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be
perfected even though the Kafirun (disbelievers)
33. It is He Who
has sent His Messenger (Muhammad )
with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), to make
it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikun
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allah) hate (it).
34. O you who believe!
Verily, there are many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian)
monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder
(them) from the Way of Allah (i.e. Allah's Religion
of Islamic Monotheism). And those who hoard up gold and
silver [Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakat of
which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allah,
-announce unto them a painful torment.
35. On the Day when
that (Al-Kanz: money, gold and silver, etc., the Zakat
of which has not been paid) will be heated in the Fire of
Hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks,
and their backs, (and it will be said unto them):-"This is
the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what
you used to hoard."
36. Verily, the number
of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was
it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens
and the earth; of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th,
the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That
is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein, and fight
against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively,
as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah
is with those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see
37. The postponing
(of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief: thereby
the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year
and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months
forbidden by Allah, and make such forbidden ones lawful.
The evil of their deeds seems pleasing to them. And Allah
guides not the people, who disbelieve.
38. O you who believe!
What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march
forth in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad) you
cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this
world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of
the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter.
39. If you march
not forth, He will punish you with a painful torment and will
replace you by another people, and you cannot harm Him at all,
and Allah is Able to do all things.
40. If you help him
not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him
when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they
and Abu Bakr ÑÖì <>
<>) were in the cave, and he () said to his companion (Abu Bakr
ÑÖì <> <>):
"Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us."
Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness,
tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with
forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those
who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah
that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
41. March forth,
whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy
(being ill, old and poor), strive hard with your wealth and your
lives in the Cause of Allah. This is better for you, if
you but knew.
42. Had it been a
near gain (booty in front of them) and an easy journey, they would
have followed you, but the distance (Tabuk expedition) was long
for them, and they would swear by Allah, "If we only
could, we would certainly have come forth with you." They
destroy their ownselves, and Allah knows that they are liars.
43. May Allah
forgive you (O Muhammad ).
Why did you grant them leave (for remaining behind, you should
have persisted as regards your order to them to proceed on Jihad),
until those who told the truth were seen by you in a clear light,
and you had known the liars?
44. Those who believe
in Allah and the Last Day would not ask your leave to be
exempted from fighting with their properties and their lives,
and Allah is the All-Knower of Al-Muttaqun (the
pious - see V.2:2).
45. It is only those
who believe not in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts
are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from Jihad).
So in their doubts they waver.
46. And if they had
intended to march out, certainly, they would have made some preparation
for it, but Allah was averse to their being sent forth,
so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them), "Sit
you among those who sit (at home)."
47. Had they marched
out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder,
and they would have hurried about in your midst (spreading corruption)
and sowing sedition among you, and there are some among you who
would have listened to them. And Allah is the All-Knower
of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers,
48. Verily, they
had plotted sedition before, and had upset matters for you, -
until the truth (victory) came and the Decree of Allah (His
Religion, Islam) became manifest though they hated it.
49. And among them
is he who says:"Grant me leave (to be exempted from Jihad)
and put me not into trial." Surely, they have fallen into
trial. And verily, Hell is surrounding the disbelievers.
50. If good befalls
you (O Muhammad ),
it grieves them, but if a calamity overtakes you, they say: "We
took our precaution beforehand," and they turn away rejoicing.
51. Say: "Nothing
shall ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for
us. He is our Maula (Lord, Helper and Protector)."
And in Allah let the believers put their trust.
52. Say: "Do
you wait for us (anything) except one of the two best things (martyrdom
or victory); while we await for you either that Allah will
afflict you with a punishment from Himself or at our hands. So
wait, we too are waiting with you."
53. Say: "Spend
(in Allah's Cause) willingly or unwillingly, it will not
be accepted from you. Verily, you are ever a people who are Fasiqun
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."
54. And nothing prevents
their contributions from being accepted from them except that
they disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad
); and that they came not to As-Salat
(the prayer) except in a lazy state; and
that they offer not contributions but unwillingly.
55. So let not their
wealth or their children amaze you (O Muhammad ); in reality Allah's Plan
is to punish them with these things in the life of the this world,
and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.
56. They swear by
Allah that they are truly of you while they are not of you,
but they are a people (hypocrites) who are afraid (that you may
57. Should they find
a refuge, or caves, or a place of concealment, they would turn
straightway thereto with a swift rush.
58. And of them are
some who accuse you (O Muhammad )
in the matter of (the distribution of) the alms. If they are given
part thereof, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof,
behold! They are enraged!
59. Would that they
were contented with what Allah and His Messenger () gave them and had said: "Allah
is Sufficient for us. Allah will give us of His Bounty,
and (also) His Messenger (from alms, etc.). We implore Allah
(to enrich us)."
(here it means Zakat) are
only for the Fuqara' (poor),
and Al-Masakin (the poor)
and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract
the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam);
and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah's
Cause (i.e. for Mujahidun - those fighting
in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut
off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah
is All-Knower, All-Wise.
61. And among them
are men who hurt the Prophet (Muhammad ) and say: "He is (lending
his) ear (to every news)." Say: "He listens to what
is best for you; he believes in Allah; has faith in the
believers; and is a mercy to those of you who believe." But
those who hurt Allah's Messenger (Muhammad ) will have a painful torment.
62. They swear by
Allah to you (Muslims) in order to please you, but it is
more fitting that they should please Allah and His Messenger
if they are believers.
63. Know they not
that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah (ÚÒ
æ Ìá) and His Messenger (), certainly for him will be the
Fire of Hell to abide therein. That is extreme disgrace.
64. The hypocrites
fear lest a Surah (chapter of the Qur'an) should
be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts.
Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will
bring to light all that you fear."
65. If you ask them
(about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and
joking." Say: "Was it at Allah (ÚÒ
æ Ìá), and His Ayat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His
that you were mocking?"
66. Make no excuse;
you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some
of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimun
(disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.).
67. The hypocrites,
men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people)
Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and
all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from
Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all
that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands
[from giving (spending in Allah's Cause) alms, etc.]. They
have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily,
the hypocrites are the Fasiqun (rebellious,
disobedient to Allah).
68. Allah has
promised the hypocrites; men and women, and the disbelievers,
the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them.
Allah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment.
69. Like those before
you, they were mightier than you in power, and more abundant in
wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so
enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion
awhile; and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies
against Allah and His Messenger Muhammad ) as they indulged in play and
pastime. Such are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and
in the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
70. Has not the story
reached them of those before them? - The people of Nuh (Noah),
'Ad, and Thamud, the people of Ibrahim (Abraham),
the dwellers of Madyan (Midian) and the cities overthrown [i.e.
the people to whom Lout (Lot) preached], to them came their Messengers
with clear proofs. So it was not Allah Who wronged them,
but they used to wrong themselves.
71. The believers,
men and women, are Auliya' (helpers, supporters,
friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people)
Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all
that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar
(i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that
Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat
(Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat,
and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have
His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
72. Allah has
promised to the believers -men and women, - Gardens under which
rivers flow to dwell therein forever, and beautiful mansions in
Gardens of 'Adn (Eden Paradise). But the greatest
bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allah. That is the supreme
73. O Prophet (Muhammad
)! Strive hard against the disbelievers
and the hypocrites, and be harsh against them, their abode is
Hell, - and worst indeed is that destination.
74. They swear by
Allah that they said nothing (bad), but really they said
the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam,
and they resolved that (plot to murder Prophet Muhammad ) which they were unable to carry
out, and they could not find any cause to do so except that Allah
and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty. If then they
repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away, Allah
will punish them with a painful torment in this worldly life and
in the Hereafter. And there is none for them on earth as a Wali
(supporter, protector) or a helper.
75. And of them are
some who made a covenant with Allah (saying): "If He
bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give Sadaqah
(Zakat and voluntary charity in Allah's
Cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous."
76. Then when He
gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to pay
the Sadaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)],
and turned away, averse.
77. So He punished
them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon
they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with Allah)
which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies.
78. Know they not
that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa
(secret counsels), and that Allah is the All-Knower
of the unseen.
79. Those who defame
such of the believers who give charity (in Allah's Cause)
voluntarily, and those who could not find to give charity (in
Allah's Cause) except what is available to them, so they
mock at them (believers), Allah will throw back their mockery
on them, and they shall have a painful torment.
80. Whether you (O
ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask not forgiveness for
(and even) if you ask seventy times for their forgiveness
Allah will not forgive them, because they have disbelieved
in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ). And Allah guides not those
people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient
81. Those who stayed
away (from Tabuk expedition) rejoiced in their staying behind
the Messenger of Allah; they hated to strive and fight with
their properties and their lives in the Cause of Allah,
and they said: "March not forth in the heat." Say: "The
Fire of Hell is more intense in heat", if only they could
82. So let them laugh
a little and (they will) cry much as a recompense of what they
used to earn (by committing sins).
83. If Allah
brings you back to a party of them (the hypocrites), and they
ask your permission to go out (to fight), say: "Never shall
you go out with me, nor fight an enemy with me; you agreed to
sit inactive on the first occasion, then you sit (now) with those
who lag behind."
84. And never (O
pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor
stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah
and His Messenger, and died while they were Fasiqun
(rebellious, - disobedient to Allah and His Messenger
85. And let not their
wealth or their children amaze you. Allah's Plan is to punish
them with these things in this world, and that their souls shall
depart (die) while they are disbelievers.
86. And when a Surah
(chapter from the Qur'an) is revealed, enjoining them
to believe in Allah and to strive hard and fight along with
His Messenger, the wealthy among them ask your leave to exempt
them (from Jihad) and say, "Leave us (behind),
we would be with those who sit (at home)."
87. They are content
to be with those (the women) who sit behind (at home). Their hearts
are sealed up (from all kinds of goodness and right guidance),
so they understand not.
88. But the Messenger
and those who believed with him (in Islamic Monotheism)
strove hard and fought with their wealth and their lives (in Allah's
Cause). Such are they for whom are the good things, and it is
they who will be successful.
89. For them Allah
has got ready Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell
therein forever. That is the supreme success.
90. And those who
made excuses from the bedouins came (to you, O Prophet ) asking your permission to exempt
them (from the battle), and those who had lied to Allah
and His Messenger sat at home (without asking the permission for
it); a painful torment will seize those of them who disbelieve.
91. There is no blame
on those who are weak or ill or who find no resources to spend
[in holy fighting (Jihad)], if they are sincere and
true (in duty) to Allah and His Messenger.
No ground (of complaint) can there be against the Muhsinun
(good-doers - see the footnote of V.9:120). And Allah
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
92. Nor (is there
blame)on those who came to you to be provided
with mounts, and when you said: "I can find no mounts for
you," they turned back, while their eyes overflowing with
tears of grief that they could not find anything to spend (for
93. The ground (of
complaint) is only against those who are rich, and yet ask exemption.
They are content to be with (the women) who sit behind (at home)
and Allah has sealed up their hearts (from all kinds of
goodness and right guidance) so that they know not (what they
94. They (the hypocrites)
will present their excuses to you (Muslims), when you return to
them. Say (O Muhammad )
"Present no excuses, we shall not believe you. Allah
has already informed us of the news concerning you. Allah
and His Messenger will observe your deeds. In the end you will
be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen,
then He (Allah) will inform you of what you used to do."
95. They will swear
by Allah to you (Muslims) when you return to them, that
you may turn away from them. So turn away from them. Surely, they
are Rijsun [i.e. Najasun
(impure) because of their evil deeds], and Hell is their dwelling
place, - a recompense for that which they used to earn.
96. They (the hypocrites)
swear to you (Muslims) that you may be pleased with them, but
if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased
with the people who are Al-Fasiqun (rebellious,
disobedient to Allah).
97. The bedouins
are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be
in ignorance of the limits (Allah's Commandments and His
Legal Laws, etc.) which Allah has revealed to His Messenger.
And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
98. And of the bedouins
there are some who look upon what they spend (in Allah's
Cause) as a fine and watch for calamities for you, on them be
the calamity of evil. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
99. And of the bedouins
there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and
look upon what they spend in Allah's Cause as approaches
to Allah, and a cause of receiving the Messenger's invocations.
Indeed these (spendings in Allah's Cause) are an approach
for them. Allah will admit them to His Mercy. Certainly
Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
100. And the first
to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those
who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar
(the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the
Muhajirun) and also those who followed them
exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they
are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under
which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is
the supreme success.
101. And among the
bedouins round about you, some are hypocrites, and so are some
among the people of Al-Madinah, they exaggerate and persist in
hypocrisy, you (O Muhammad )
know them not, We know them. We shall punish them twice, and thereafter
they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment.
102. And (there are)
others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed
that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allah
will turn unto them in forgiveness. Surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving,
103. Take Sadaqah
(alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify
them with it, and invoke Allah for them. Verily! Your invocations
are a source of security for them, and Allah is All-Hearer,
104. Know they not
that Allah accepts repentance from His slaves and takes
the Sadaqat (alms, charities) and that All&achrc;h
Alone is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful?
105. And say (O Muhammad
) "Do deeds! Allah will
see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers.
And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and
the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do."
106. And others await
Allah's Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive
them. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
107. And as for those
who put up a mosque by way of harming and disbelief, and to disunite
the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against
Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ) aforetime, they will indeed swear
that their intention is nothing but good. Allah bears witness
that they are certainly liars.
108. Never stand
you therein. Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from
the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to
pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves.
And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure
(i.e. who clean their private parts with dust [i.e. to be considered
as soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the
call of nature].
109. Is it then he,
who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah
and His Good Pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of
his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to
crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the
Fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the
Zalimun (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist
110. The building
which they built will never cease to be a cause of hypocrisy and
doubt in their hearts, unless their hearts are cut to pieces.
(i.e. till they die). And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
111. Verily, Allah
has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties;
for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in
Allah's Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It
is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurat
(Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur'an. And who
is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the
bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success.
112. (The believers
whose lives Allah has purchased are) those who repent to
Allah (from polytheism and hypocrisy, etc.), who worship
Him, who praise Him, who fast (or go out in Allah's Cause),
who bow down (in prayer), who prostrate themselves (in prayer),
who enjoin (people) for Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic
Monotheism and all what Islam has ordained) and forbid (people)
from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds
and all that Islam has forbidden), and who observe the limits
set by Allah (do all that Allah has ordained and abstain
from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden).
And give glad tidings to the believers.
113. It is not (proper)
for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's Forgiveness
for the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) even though they be
of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers
of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief).
114. And [Ibrahim's
(Abraham)] invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness
was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim (Abraham)] had
made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim
(Abraham)] that he (his father) is an enemy to Allah, he
dissociated himself from him. Verily Ibrahim (Abraham) was
Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the correct
one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility,
glorify Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing. (Tafsir
115. And Allah
will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until
He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid. Verily, Allah
is the All-Knower of everything.
116. Verily, Allah!
Unto Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He
gives life and He causes death. And besides Allah you have
neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any
has forgiven the Prophet (),
the Muhajirun (Muslim emigrants who left their homes
and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of Al-Madinah)
who followed him (Muhammad )
in the time of distress (Tabuk expedition, etc.), after
the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right
Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto
them full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
118. And (He did
forgive also) the three [who did not join the Tabuk expedition
(whom the Prophet )]
left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, and their
case was suspended for Allah's Decision) till for them the
earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were
straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing
from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He accepted
their repentance, that they might repent (unto Him). Verily, Allah
is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.
119. O you who believe!
Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words
120. It was not becoming
of the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the neighbourhood
to remain behind Allah's Messenger (Muhammad when fighting in Allah's
Cause) and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives
to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue,
nor hunger in the Cause of Allah, nor they take any step
to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon
an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness.
Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the Muhsinun
121. Nor do they
spend anything (in Allah's Cause) - small or great - nor
cross a valley, but is written to their credit, that Allah
may recompense them with the best of what they used to do (i.e.
Allah will reward their good deeds according to the reward
of their best deeds which they did in the most perfect manner).
122. And it is not
(proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihad)
all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth,
that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic)
religion, and that they may warn their people when they return
to them, so that they may beware (of evil).
123. O you who believe!
Fight those of the disbelievers who are close to you, and let
them find harshness in you, and know that Allah is with
those who are the Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2).
124. And whenever
there comes down a Surah (chapter from the Qur'an),
some of them (hypocrites) say: "Which of you has had his
Faith increased by it?" As for those who believe, it has
increased their Faith, and they rejoice.
125. But as for those
in whose hearts is a disease (of doubt, disbelief and hypocrisy),
it will add suspicion and doubt to their suspicion, disbelief
and doubt, and they die while they are disbelievers.
126. See they not
that they are tried once or twice every year (with different kinds
of calamities, disease, famine, etc.)? Yet, they turn not in repentance,
nor do they learn a lesson (from it).
127. And whenever
there comes down a Surah (chapter from the Qur'an),
they look at one another (saying): "Does any one see you?"
Then they turn away. Allah has turned their hearts (from
the light) because they are a people that understand not.
128. Verily, there
has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad ) from amongst yourselves (i.e.
whom you know well). It grieves him that you should receive any
injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad )
is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah,
and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you
may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire),
for the believers (he
is) full of pity, kind, and merciful.
129. . But if they
turn away, say (O Muhammad ):
"Allah is sufficient for me. La ilaha
illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), in
Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne."
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